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HERA
Risk Assessments
"The following risk assessments have been conducted according to the principles of the HERA methodology document (pdf document)."

Substance:Polycarboxylate Homopolymer
CAS numbers:
25549-84-2  28603-11-4  68479-09-4  9003-01-4  9003-04-7 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 921 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 13/02/2014
HERA Comments
 The key changes versus the previous version include the following: - For more clarity, the report has been split into two parts in order to cover separately homo-polymers (P-AA, Part I) and co-polymers of (P-AA/MA, Part II). - The refined assessment has been based on updated tonnages of polycarboxylates used in detergents (EU data 2011 collected in 2012). - New experimental data have been generated and included in order to: o address the sorption behaviour (adsorption study using radio-labelled materials performed) o refine the effect assessment (new terrestrial studies performed). - The new reports include more detailed explanations than the previous version, including re-assessment of the whole available dataset. On that basis new risk characterisation ratios have been calculated for both types of polymers.


Substance:Polycarboxylates copolymers
CAS numbers:
112909-09-8  126595-54-8  29132-58-9  51025-75-3  51344-35-5  52255-49-9  60449-78-7  60472-42-6 
61842-61-3  61842-65-7  63519-67-5 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 662 Kb Updated Edition 13/02/2014
HERA Comments
 The key changes versus the previous version include the following: - For more clarity, the report has been split into two parts in order to cover separately homo-polymers (P-AA, Part I) and co-polymers of (P-AA/MA, Part II). - The refined assessment has been based on updated tonnages of polycarboxylates used in detergents (EU data 2011 collected in 2012). - New experimental data have been generated and included in order to: o address the sorption behaviour (adsorption study using radio-labelled materials performed) o refine the effect assessment (new terrestrial studies performed). - The new reports include more detailed explanations than the previous version, including re-assessment of the whole available dataset. On that basis new risk characterisation ratios have been calculated for both types of polymers.


Substance:Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate
CAS numbers:
1322-98-1  25155-30-0  68411-30-3  85117-50-6  90194-45-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 1065 Kb Updated Edition 04/07/2013
HERA Comments
 An updated version was posted in 2013. As well a REACH registration dossier was submitted in 2010 and further information can be found on ECHA website.


Substance group:Ester Quats
CAS numbers:
19467-38-0  67846-68-8  85408-12-4  91032-11-0  91995-81-2  93334-15-7  94095-35-9  97158-31-1 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 392 Kb Final HH Executive summary 24/11/2009
Environmental (PDF) 382 Kb Final EH Executive summary 25/06/2008


Substance:Alcohol Ethoxylates
CAS numbers:
100843-23-0  106232-81-9  106232-82-0  106232-83-1  116810-32-3  119415-06-4  120944-68-5  120944-68-5 
126646-02-4  146598-25-6  157627-86-6  157627-88-8  157707-41-0  157707-43-2  160305-84-0  160901-09-7 
160901-19-9  160901-20-2  161025-21-4  161025-22-5  161133-69-3  161133-70-6  169107-21-5  173244-48-0 
183259-65-6  24938-91-8  24938-91-8  26183-52-8  26468-86-0  26636-39-5  26636-40-8  26912-49-2 
26912-60-7  27252-75-1  27306-79-2  31497-04-8  31497-05-9  31514-36-0  32128-65-7  34398-01-1 
39587-22-9  52228-33-8  52609-19-5  56619-62-6  61723-78-2  61791-13-7  61791-21-7  61791-28-4 
61827-42-7  64425-86-1  66455-14-9  66455-15-0  67254-71-1  68002-97-1  68035-42-7  68131-39-5 
68154-96-1  68155-01-1  68213-23-0  68439-45-2  68439-46-3  68439-49-6  68439-50-9  68439-54-3 
68526-94-3  68551-12-2  68603-20-3  68920-66-1  68951-67-7  68954-94-9  69011-36-5  69013-19-0 
69227-20-9  71060-57-6  71243-46-4  72905-87-4  74432-13-6  77492-49-0  77492-52-5  78330-20-8 
78330-21-9  85422-93-1  86871-90-1  9002-92-0  9004-95-9  9004-98-2  9005-00-9  9043-30-5 
9057-32-3  97043-91-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 1777 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 30/09/2009
HERA Comments
 This Version 2.0 is based on the Version 1 from March 2007 where the equation 4.2 on page 24 has been corrected


Substance:Protease
CAS numbers:
1395-21-7  68909-17-1  79986-26-8  9001-92-7  9014-01-1  9073-77-2  95979-76-3 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 2061 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 06/04/2007
HERA Comments
 This updated Edition 2.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment takes account of comments from the External Advisory Panel on the Environmental and Human Risk Assessment parts.


Substance:Sodium Sulphate
CAS numbers:
7757-82-6 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 613 Kb Final Full Executive summary 06/02/2006


Substance:Amylase/Lipase/Cellulase
CAS numbers:
9000-90-2  9001-62-1  9012-54-8 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 945 Kb Final Full Executive summary 20/12/2005


Substance:Propylene Glycol n-butylether
CAS numbers:
29387-86-8  5131-66-8 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 708 Kb Final Full Executive summary 28/10/2005


Substance group:Zeolite P and -X
CAS numbers:
1318-02-1  1344-00-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Environmental (PDF) 466 Kb Final EH Executive summary 19/09/2005
HERA Comments
 A REACH registration dossier was submitted in November 2010 and more information is available under ECHA website for the different types of zeolites.


Substance group:Xylene / Cumene / Toluene Sulphonate
CAS numbers:
12068-03-0  1300-72-7  16106-44-8  26447-10-9  28088-63-3  28348-53-0  30346-73-7  30526-22-8 
32073-22-6  37475-88-0  827-21-4 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 589 Kb Final Full Executive summary 18/09/2005


Substance:Diethylenglycol n-butylether
CAS numbers:
112-34-5 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 300 Kb Final Full Executive summary 18/09/2005


Substance:Cocamidopropyl betaine
CAS numbers:
4292-10-8  61789-40-0  70851-07-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 623 Kb Final HH Executive summary 04/07/2005
HERA Comments
 Based on the data available in 2005, it was not possible to finalise the HERA report on environmental risk assessment. A REACH registration dossier was submitted in November 2010 and more information on cocamidopropyl betaine is available under ECHA website.


Substance:Isopropyl Alcohol
CAS numbers:
67-63-0 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 554 Kb Final Full Executive summary 30/05/2005


Substance:Sodium carbonate
CAS numbers:
497-19-8  
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 338 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 03/05/2005
HERA Comments
 This updated edition 2.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment takes account of comments from the External Advisory Panel on the Environmental and Human Risk Assessment parts.



Substance:Hydrogen Peroxide
CAS numbers:
7722-84-1 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 247 Kb Final Full Executive summary 03/05/2005
HERA Comments
 HERA is determined to avoid any duplication of effort and to discourage effort for the sake of marginal improvements. However, HERA believes that HERA Risk Assessments should be carried out where significant additional risk information can be obtained, and where a refinement of the existing assessments would yield new or significantly different conclusions in particular for the detergent use scenario.

This document refers to the information in the EU Risk Assessment which covers hydrogen peroxide use in the household cleaning products which are within the scope of HERA. It also contains additional, recent exposure information which broadly supports the figures provided there.


Substance:Citric Acids / Salts
CAS numbers:
5949-29-1  6132-04-3  77-92-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 198 Kb Final Full Executive summary 11/04/2005


Substance:Secondary Alkane Sulfonate (SAS)
CAS numbers:
68037-49-0  75534-59-7  85711-69-9  85711-70-2  97489-15-1 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 678 Kb Final Full Executive summary 11/04/2005


Substance:Boric Acid
CAS numbers:
10043-35-3 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 1725 Kb Final Full Executive summary 30/03/2005


Substance:Alkali Silicates
CAS numbers:
10213-79-3  1312-76-1  1344-09-8  13517-24-3  6834-92-0 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 684 Kb Final Full Executive summary 30/03/2005


Substance:Isoeugenol
CAS numbers:
97-54-1 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 966 Kb Final Full Executive summary 30/03/2005


Substance:Hydroxycitronellal
CAS numbers:
107-75-5 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 973 Kb Final Full Executive summary 21/02/2005


Substance:Fluorescent Brightener FWA-1
CAS numbers:
16090-02-1 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 736 Kb Final Full Executive summary 23/12/2004


Substance:Polycyclic Musk HHCB
CAS numbers:
114109-62-5  114109-63-6  1222-05-5  78448-48-3  78448-49-4 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 499 Kb Updated Edition HH Executive summary 12/10/2004
Environmental (PDF) 1416 Kb Updated Edition EH Executive summary 12/11/2004
HERA Comments
 This updated version 2.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment takes account of comments from the External advisory Panel on Environmental and Human Risk Assessment parts.



Substance:Polycyclic Musk AHTN
CAS numbers:
1506-02-1  21145-77-7 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 537 Kb Updated Edition HH Executive summary 12/10/2004
Environmental (PDF) 1416 Kb Updated Edition EH Executive summary 12/11/2004
HERA Comments
 This updated version 2.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment takes account of comments from the External advisory Panel on Environmental and Human Risk Assessment parts.



Substance:Phosphonates
CAS numbers:
15827-60-8  20592-85-2  22042-96-2  2235-43-0  2809-21-4  29329-71-3  3794-83-0  6419-19-8 
94021-23-5 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 998 Kb Final Full Executive summary 06/09/2004


Substance group:Alcohol Ethoxysulphates
CAS numbers:
102783-14-2  105859-96-9  125301-92-0  125304-06-5  129783-23-9  13150-00-0  157627-92-4  157627-95-7 
157707-82-9  160104-51-8  160104-52-9  162201-45-8  174450-50-1  25231-22-5  27028-82-6  32612-48-9 
34431-25-9  52286-19-8  54116-08-4  67762-19-0  67762-19-0  67762-21-4  68037-05-8  68037-06-9 
68081-91-4  68184-04-3  68540-47-6  68585-34-2  68585-40-0  68610-22-0  68891-29-2  68891-30-5 
68891-38-3  73665-22-2  9004-82-4  9004-82-4  96130-61-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 606 Kb Final HH Executive summary 12/02/2003
Environmental (PDF) 639 Kb Final EH Executive summary 15/06/2004


Substance:Fluorescent Brightener FWA-5
CAS numbers:
27344-41-8 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 582 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 12/11/2003
HERA Comments
 This version 2.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment comprises a recent study on "Evaluation of the fate of FWA-5 in the aquatic environment", conducted by DHI Denmark. It deals with the question of whether the monitoring data for Germany and Switzerland could be extrapolated for the whole of Europe (the North to the South of Europe).


Substance group:Fatty Acid Salts
CAS numbers:
143-07-7   143-18-0  143-19-1  2272-11-9  629-25-4  67701-01-3  67701-03-5  67701-06-8 
68424-37-3  822-16-2  85408-69-1  85711-54-2  90990-09-3 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 475 Kb Final HH Executive summary 24/09/2002
Environmental (PDF) 1644 Kb Final EH Executive summary 09/09/2003


Substance:Sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP)
CAS numbers:
7758-29-4 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 480 Kb Final Full Executive summary 04/07/2003
HERA Comments
STPPHERAeutrophicationnote2003.pdf 116 Kb 
STPP and Eutrophication
This targeted environmental risk assessment of STPP addresses the issues of toxic effects to biota in the environmental compartments. An additional environmental issue concerning phosphates in general, and therefore also STPP, is their role in the nutrient enrichment of surface waters (eutrophication).
As shown in this report, STPP is hydrolysed ultimately to soluble inorganic phosphate (orthophosphate PO4-) or transformed to insoluble inorganic forms. These are the same phosphates as those formed by natural hydrolysis of human urine and faeces, animal wastes, food and organic wastes, mineral fertilisers, bacterial recycling of organic materials in ecosystems, etc.

[Factors involved to be consulted : read the attachement enclosed]


Substance:Zeolite A
CAS numbers:
1318-02-1  1344-00-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 650 Kb Updated Edition Full Executive summary 03/02/2003
HERA Comments
 This updated version 3.0 of the HERA Risk Assessment takes account of recently generated data on terrestrial toxicity of Zeolite A, resulting in a revised risk characterisation for local soil compartment.



Substance:TAED
CAS numbers:
10543-57-4  
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 665 Kb Final Full Executive summary 07/01/2003


Substance group:Alkyl Sulphate
CAS numbers:
1120-01-0  1120-04-3  117875-77-1  1191-50-0  139-96-8   142-31-4  142-87-0  151-21-3 
2235-54-3  68081-96-9  68081-98-1  68130-43-8  68140-10-3  68412-83-9  68585-47-7  68611-55-2 
68890-70-0  68955-19-1  68955-20-4  73296-89-6  85338-42-7  85586-07-8  85586-38-5  85665-45-8 
85681-68-1  86014-79-1  90583-10-1  90583-13-4  90583-16-7  90583-18-9  90583-19-0  90583-23-6 
90583-27-0  90583-31-6  90589-12-3  91648-54-3  91783-23-2  92797-61-0  96690-75-4 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Human Health (PDF) 1091 Kb Final HH Executive summary 07/12/2002
Environmental (PDF) 448 Kb Final EH Executive summary 07/03/2002


Substance group:Perboric acid, sodium salt, mono and tetrahydrate
CAS numbers:
10332-33-9  10486-00-7  11138-47-9 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 597 Kb Final Full Executive summary 18/09/2002


Substance:Sodium percarbonate
CAS numbers:
15630-89-4 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
Full (PDF) 299 Kb Final Full Executive summary 18/09/2002


Substance:Amine Oxides
CAS numbers:
14048-77-2  1643-20-5  2530-44-1  2571-88-2  2605-79-0  3332-27-2  61788-90-7  61791-46-6 
61791-47-7  68071-48-1  68955-55-5  70592-80-2  7128-91-8  85408-48-6  85408-49-7  93962-62-0 
Risk Assessment Status Publish Date R.A.
HERA Comments
 A REACH registration dossier was submitted in November 2010 and more information on amine oxides is available under ECHA website.